Tokyo is the capital of Japan and one of the largest cities in the world. Tokyo was founded in 1457 and was called Edo in ancient times. After the Meiji Restoration in 1868, Emperor Meiji moved the capital from Kyoto to Edo, which was renamed Tokyo. Tokyo, Yokohama and Chiba constitute Japan's famous Keihama Industrial Zone. Tokyo is also Japan's business and finance. In the eyes of many young Asians, Tokyo is a vibrant and contemporary city that is always at the forefront of fashion. Pop music, idol TV series, Walkman, MD, cosmetics, video games, platform shoes and avant-garde makeup, all of these young people's favorites, all start here.
Ginza, Shinjuku, Ikebukuro and Shibuya, the names of Tokyo's most prosperous districts, have become biblical names for fashionable young people. Odaiba, known as the Champs Elysees in France, is the most popular leisure resort area in Japan.
Sitting on the Tokyo line, you can quickly cross the east, west, north and south of Tokyo, to the Tama area to enjoy the autumn leaves of the red maple in the National park; Or walk through Sekigahara, the largest in Japan, to enjoy the sacred beauty of Mount Fuji.
The cherry blossoms of Tokyo have long been well known in Lu Xun's articles. Every year in the cherry blossom season in March and April, Tokyo cherry blossoms bloom everywhere, from Ueno Park, Shinjuku Gyoen, to Chizorobuchi, Sumida Park, everywhere is a cherry blossom viewing spot.
In the infinite prosperity of Tokyo, there is also an ancient Japanese tradition. Although it is not as simple and elegant as Kyoto, it is undoubtedly the most valuable scenery of a bustling metropolis. The three major festivals in Tokyo have been widely celebrated by the public. Traditional skills such as sumo wrestling, Kabuki and Noh drama play an important role in Tokyo.
The construction of Edo Castle began in the second half of the 15th century. It is said to have been completed by Uesugi, the city master of Kawakue (present-day Saitama Prefecture), on the orders of the Adachi prefectural Office in Kyoto, who ordered his family to Ota Dokan. When choosing a place, Daoguan took a look at this piece of wet land but surrounded by mountains and sea Kanto, so he built Edo City in the area of today's Imperial Palace. After that, history entered the Warring States period, a period of continuous wars between military generals in different places. The decisive victory of Tokugawa Ieyasu in the Great War of Sekanohara ushered in the reign of the Edo shogunate, which was based in Edo Castle, and thus put Edo on the stage of history as a political city. After this, Edo Castle attracted more and more people and gradually developed into the city of the time. In the process of development, Edo City gradually divided into two characteristic areas, one is the civilian area, also known as "Shimocho", where a lot of small merchants and craftsmen gathered; Another area is the upper class district known as the "Hands of the Mountains", which includes the residential area and the residential area of Ichimoto, where the trees are lined and the environment is beautiful, and the politics of Edo City. With the final end of the shogunate, Japanese society entered the Meiji Restoration period, and began to actively absorb and introduce Western culture to build its own national state. During this period, the imperial family moved from Kyoto to Edo, which was renamed Tokyo and became the new capital of Japan. Edo Castle was renamed Tokyo Castle, Miyagi Castle, and Imperial Palace, eventually becoming the residence of the emperor, the national symbol. After the Great Kanto Earthquake and the defeat of the Second World War, the heart of Tokyo was devastated but soon embarked on the road of the city, and soon entered the period of rapid urban development. Since then, especially since the 1980s, the image of Tokyo as an international metropolis has become more and more popular.
Spring: March to May is spring. In the early spring, it is still very cold, and you need to wear a thick coat, but in May, when the plants begin to sprout, it is very warm at noon. The temperature difference in the morning and evening is relatively large, but the whole day is basically more comfortable, the weather is warm, the humidity is low, the wind is sunny, it is an excellent time to travel, and the sightseeing places are also bustling. Summer June to August is the hottest season of the year. In particular, the temperature in July and August, just after the Meiyu, exceeded 30 degrees Celsius and the humidity was high, which made it hot and stuffy in the middle of summer every day. June falls on the summer solstice and has the longest days of the year. In August, the temperature does not drop below 25 ° C at night, making it difficult to fall asleep on a hot night without cold air. Autumn September to November is autumn. In September, there are midsummer days with daytime temperatures above 30 ° C, and in October, there are typhoons. In the Okutama region, the red leaves begin to turn red from late October, creating a fascinating scene. Winter is from December to February, with low temperatures. Although occasionally snow, but the heart will not snow. The days get shorter and the sun sets around 4:30-5:30 p.m. Cherry blossoms have an extremely brilliant and sad beauty when they are in full bloom, because the most beautiful day of their youth is also the time when their petals fall. The main cherry varieties are Yaejo cherry, Yoshino cherry, Oyama cherry, evening cherry and so on. Japan has designated the "Cherry Blossom Festival" from March 15 to April 15 every year. In Ueno Park, the largest park in Tokyo, a "cherry blossom Festival" is held every year at this time. From morning to night, day and night, enjoy the beauty of "night cherry". When the flower season comes, the pink flowers pile up clouds and mist, and the scene is very spectacular.
· Do not make too much noise in public places or homes, so as not to affect others, especially at night; Usually pay attention to save water.
· Japanese people are very strict about punctuality. People believe that they should not waste other people's time by being late. If they are inevitably late for some reason, they must call and tell each other. The Japanese don't trust people who aren't punctual. ,
Greeting among Japanese: basically, it is expressed by bowing. From a general salute to a 90-degree upper body bow. In the "tatami" room, it is necessary to sit and salute. Bend your upper body in the "seat" position, place your hands in front of you and lower your head. In general, Japanese people do not touch each other and traditionally do not shake hands. Japanese people sometimes shake hands, but mostly on special occasions such as between Japanese and foreigners, between candidates and voters, and between celebrities and fans. ,
Sitting posture: In school, generally sit in a chair. But in the family, the Japanese still maintain the traditional sitting on the "tatami" life.
Wave: Gently release the palm of your hand, and swing your wrist back and forth from the front to your side a few times. This method has no gender, age restrictions, can be used. However, waving to people of high status and seniority is impolite and should be avoided as much as possible. Self: "That's me", "me?" Point to your nose with your index finger. Hooray: This is the action of raising one's hand to show happiness when winning a game or having good luck. In most cases, everyone shouts "Hooray" together at the same time to express the mood of congratulating luck and wishing happiness. · The majority of Japanese believe in Shinto and Buddhism, they do not like purple, they think purple is sad color; The most taboo green, that green is ominous color.
· Japanese people taboo 3 people together "photo", they think that the middle is left and right two people, which is an omen of misfortune. · The Japanese taboo lotus, lotus is considered to be a mourning flower. Do not use camellias and pale yellow or white flowers when visiting patients, and do not want to accept things or gifts with chrysanthemums or chrysanthemum patterns, because it is the symbol of the royal family. Japanese favorite patterns are pine, bamboo, plum, duck, turtle and so on.
Unlucky numbers: The Japanese taboo "4" and "9". Because "4" is pronounced the same as "death"; "9" and "bitter" are the same pronunciation, "9" means suffering. Some hotel room numbers do not have 13, 4, 9. · No tipping: Before World War II, some hotels and transportation institutions had a habit of tipping, but recently it has been almost eliminated. · Japanese people think it is embarrassing to kiss in front of others. · Touching another person's body is considered a faux pas in Japan. Men and women do not shake hands unless they are in a relationship. · Smoking is allowed, but chewing gum is not. It is also considered impolite to eat alone when others have not eaten. ,
You must remove your shoes when entering a Japanese house. · In Japan, it is impolite to peek into the kitchen when visiting someone's home. · Keep quiet and do not talk loudly when eating, drinking or other public places. · Shoes must be taken off when entering a Japanese house. · When eating or drinking soup, do not put the rice bowl or soup bowl on the table, but pick up the bowl with your hands to eat. · Do not stick your chopsticks in a bowl full of rice. · When eating fish, do not put the bones directly on the table, please place them on a plate. · When going to a public bath in Japan (written as "銭 soup" in Japanese), wash your body outside the bath