In different historical stages of the Humble Administrator's Garden, the layout of the garden has certain differences, especially the early Humble Administrator's Garden is not exactly the same as the current situation. It is this difference that has gradually formed the unique characteristics of the Humble Administrator's Garden. Now we see the Humble Administrator's Garden and have a great understanding of the architectural style.
According to "Wang's Humble Administrator's Garden Record" and "Return to the garden field House record" records, the garden "mostly in the ground, there is water, a little dredging, surrounded by trees", "the pool can be the pool, the soil in the pool, accumulated into a high mountain. Above the pool, there are houses between the hills." It fully reflects that the Humble Administrator's Garden uses the advantage of more water in the garden to dredge into a pool; Looking like a lake, it forms a personality and characteristics.
Clear and elegant, natural wild early Humble Administrator's Garden, lush trees, confused water color, natural scenery. The buildings in the garden are very sparse, only "Hall one, floor one, pavilion six", and the number of buildings is very small, which is much lower than the building density in today's gardens. Bamboo hedge, thatched pavilion, cottage and natural landscape dissolve into one, simple and elegant, a school of natural scenery. The existing landscape part in the middle of the Humble Administrator's Garden occupies about three-fifths of the garden area. There are two islands in the pool, and only a few pavilions and small buildings are dotted by the mountaintop pool, making the scenic spot look spacious, elegant and natural. Although this layout has not yet formed in the Ming Dynasty, it has the style of the Humble Administrator's Garden in the Ming Dynasty.
Courtyards scattered, twists and turns change the Humble Administrator's garden architecture. In the early period, it was mostly monomer, but it changed greatly in the late Qing Dynasty. First of all, it is manifested in the obvious increase of garden buildings such as halls and pavilions, verandas and painted boats. The building density in the central area reached 16.3 percent. Secondly, the architecture tends to group combination, the courtyard space changes twists and turns. Such as small cang waves, from the Humble Administrator's Garden diagram of Wen Zheng Ming can be seen, only a small pavilion by the water. The eight banners Fengzhi Hall period, here is already a group of water courtyard. By small flying rainbow, true pavilion, clear meaning far, small cang waves, listening to the pine wind and other porch pavilion bridge in accordance with the water, unique. To the east of the water court, there is another set of gardens, that is, loquat Garden, which is composed of three groups of courtyards: Chunwu, Listening Yu Xuan and Jiashiting. The main building is the Linglong Hall. These two groups of courtyards are interspersed between the landscape and the house, which better solves the transition between the house and the garden. At the same time, for the landscape, due to the contrast of these courtyard Spaces of different sizes, the main space appears more spacious and open. The reason for the emergence and change of this garden-within-garden courtyard space, in addition to the reasons of use, is probably related to the reduction of the garden area. During the reign of Guangxu, only 1.2 hectares of the Humble Administrator's Garden remained. Like other gardens, they occupy a small area, so the primary task of gardening activities is to create unlimited scenery of natural mountains and rivers in a small space. This garden within the garden, multi-space courtyard combination and space division penetration ", contrast foil; The combination of hidden space, the meandering of virtual and real space, hiding and exposing; The purpose of the space is to break through the limitations of space and receive the effect of small to large, so as to obtain a rich garden landscape. This kind of treatment has universal significance in gardens and is also a common feature of gardens.
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