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The manifestation and treatment of senile osteoporosis

2018-05-11 04:48:19

The most common symptom of primary osteoporosis is low back pain, which accounts for 70%-80% of patients with pain. The pain spreads along the spine to both sides, the pain is relieved when lying or sitting, the pain is aggravated when stretching back or standing for a long time or sitting for a long time when standing upright, the pain is light during the day, the pain is aggravated at night and when waking up in the morning, and the pain is aggravated when bending, muscle movement, coughing, and straining in the stool. 2. Shortened length, hunchback 3. Fracture This is the most common and serious complication of degenerative osteoporosis. Treatment of osteoporosis (a) Acute treatment of vertebral fractures, that is, the need to lie on a hard bed to rest, a pillow under the knee to reduce the stress of the lower waist. Pay attention to bedsore care. We could use some painkillers. Exercise should begin as soon as the pain is gone and increase the amount of activity day by day. People with severe pain can wear a brace. (2) Methods to increase bone tissue 1. Oral calcium carbonate, calcium phosphate, calcium lactate, calcium gluconate can be applied, after oral calcium should be encouraged to drink more water to prevent urinary tract stones. 2. Vitamin D supplementation must pay attention to the large dose of vitamin D supplementation can cause hypercalcemia. For women before and after menopause, the daily dose is 400 units. 3. Supplemental courtship hormone is suitable for women before and after menopause. The dosage is 0.6mg per day, which is carcinogenic for long-term use and should not be used as a conventional treatment. 4. Exercise at least 30 minutes of walking every day, you can exercise under weight, but also can absorb light. 5. Pepper daily oral sodium fluoride 1mg/kg, divided into 36 times, must be taken at the same time with calcium. Fluorosis can occur in overdose, and 90% of cases no longer have fractures 18 months after application. 6. Other drugs are bisphosphonates, calcitonin and anabolic cortisol such as stanozolol. It usually appears after pain. The anterior part of the spine is almost composed of cancellous bone, and this part is the pillar of the body, with large negative weight and easy compression and deformation, so that the spine leans forward, the dorsal curvature is intensified, the formation of hunchback, with the growth of age, osteoporosis is aggravated, the curvature of the hunchback is increased, resulting in significant clonus of the knee joint.