821Currently online
92Today's Reading
40Share Today
Multilingual display

What are the symptoms of cat proctitis, how to treat?

2018-01-01 20:48:00
For cat owners who are most worried about their cats getting sick, today we will introduce some knowledge about proctitis. Proctitis is a disease characterized by inflammation of the rectum, which mainly presents symptoms such as irritability, moaning and difficulty defecating.

Reasons for this: 1. Rectal injury caused by foreign bodies: There are many causes of proctitis, but the most common is foreign bodies in the rectum. Undigested bone chips, wood chips or other foreign bodies with sharp angles can directly damage the rectal mucosa and cause proctitis. In addition, the occurrence of severe constipation in the hard stool mass, can cause proctitis. 2. Poisoning and infection: The occurrence of rodenticide (poison rat, warfarin, etc.) poisoning or heavy metals (mercury, arsenic, etc.), or the occurrence of gastroenteritis as the main feature of infectious diseases (such as cat infection with parvovirus, etc.), often secondary to proctitis. However, at this time, compared with the rectum, the pathological changes of other gastrointestinal tubes are more serious, and most cases show clinical symptoms because of this disease.


Symptoms of proctitis: 1. Constipation, pain and difficulty defecating: In mild cases, constipation often occurs, but only a small amount of stool can be passed. When the illness is more severe, there is repeated nurturance and pain growls. However, due to the difficulty of defecation, only a small amount of stool with blood, mucus or false membranes can be passed. 2. Congestion, bleeding and edema appear in the rectal mucosa and anus, presenting with fever and pain. Therefore, when a thermometer is inserted into the anus, a howl occurs. In addition, when accompanied by anal bursitis or perianal inflammation, it frequently shows the movement of rubbing the buttocks on the ground and pad, or on the carpet.


3. General symptoms: Presentation of loss of appetite or withdrawal, unease, and sometimes vomiting. When the disease is so severe that more than 1 week can not defecate, there are increased pulse number, visible mucosal cyanosis and other toxic symptoms. 4. Sometimes secondary to anal bursitis, perianal inflammation, rectum or rectal stenosis.


Treatment of proctitis 1. (1) Enema is filled with lukewarm water, 5% sodium bicarbonate solution, olive oil (diluted with warm water) or glycerin (diluted twice with normal saline, 10-20ml depending on the cat's body weight) into the rectum. Enema 2 to 3 times a day as needed. (2) Removal of foreign bodies and infusion of liquid medicine The foreign bodies are crushed through the abdominal wall with the fingers and transferred backward, or broken and removed through the anus with the help of pliers. When performing this procedure, care should be taken to avoid damage to the rectum. In the case of serious negligence, sedatives should be applied before operation. After removing the foreign body, 5 to 10mg of olive oil containing 5% sulfonamide was injected into the rectum. (3) If the above methods fail to remove foreign bodies, take oil laxatives (castor oil or liquid paraffin 5 ~ 10ml), isovaline phenolphthalein (50 ~ 200ml) or senna leaf (5 ~ 10mg);


2. Local treatment: After rinsing the rectum and anus with normal saline, hydrogen peroxide solution or 0.1% rivanol solution, apply compound iodoglycerin or skin relaxation ointment 3 times a day. 3. Infusion and administration of antibiotics: In severe cases, intravenous drip of sugar Garinger's fluid and tetracycline (20mg/kg) every 8 hours are administered. 4. Diet therapy: Feeding a small amount of easily digestible milk, vegetables and broth, porridge, etc. In addition, as a digestive intestinal whole agent, it is orally mixed with equal amounts of starch, lipase, lactase and pepsin, etc., and taken orally 3 times a day, 0.3 ~ 0.5g each time. Or take a commercially available digestive preparation 3 times a day (1 capsule each time).